Pools offer countless hours of entertainment and relaxation. But things can’t always be fun and games. Swimming pools require maintenance to operate at full capacity, and chlorine is the most important sanitizing chemical used in swimming pools. A couple of terms you’ve likely come across are “chlorine lock” and “chlorine demand” – I break down what each of those means and how to solve them below.
- “Chlorine lock” is a term used for when too much cyanuric acid has been added to a pool which locks up the sanitizing ability of the chlorine.
- Chlorine lock is not a proven concept.
- “Chlorine demand” is a term used to describe a pool’s need for more chlorine; this typically means the chlorine in the pool is working extra hard to neutralize debris and contaminants.
What is Chlorine Lock?
In recent times, chlorine lock has been the topic of controversy among pool owners and experts. Chlorine lock is a supposed condition when your pool has too much cyanuric acid in the water. The confusion surrounding this event comes from the use of the term “lock.” Essentially, adding too much cyanuric acid (chlorine stabilizer) is believed to “lock up” the functionality of your chlorine.
Chlorine acts as a sanitizing agent that keeps your pool clean. Through a chemical reaction, chlorine kills bacteria found in pools. Chlorine lock claims that the chemical reaction is locked, thus rendering your chlorine ineffective at eliminating bacteria.
For obvious reasons, this seems like a real concern. How do you break chlorine lock? The last thing a pool owner wants is bacteria running rampant in their pool water. Don’t fret, though – there is no such thing as unusable or “locked” chlorine – there is no evidence proving the claim! Most of the time, a lack of chlorine occurs, leading to a test that fails to register chlorine effectiveness.
If you’re curious about how much cyanuric acid to add to your pool, though, be sure to check out my guide on using cyanuric acid in your pool.
Are Chlorine Lock and Demand the Same Thing?
I’ve seen chlorine lock and demand used as a sales tactic to confuse pool owners – the terms cause a lot of headaches! Lock and demand are not the same things. Below, I go into what chlorine demand is and how it differs from the made-up concept of chlorine lock.
What Is Chlorine Demand and What Causes It?
Contrary to chlorine lock, chlorine demand is a proven problem among pool owners. Both terms are often referenced alongside each other because when people think they have chlorine lock, they actually have chlorine demand. Chlorine demand occurs when something throws a wrench in your pool’s chemical balance. Ultimately, your swimming pool isn’t getting the chlorine it needs to sustain its quality.
We see chlorine demand come into play when outside forces influence the chemical balance of pools. For example, if your pool placement is susceptible to organic contaminants or debris, such as tree branches, additional chlorine is needed to stabilize the water quality. So, the demand for chlorine in your pool is higher. If you don’t add more, the chlorine will become less effective overall.
Other Contributing Factors
Aside from debris, a few other factors contribute to chlorine demand. Time of year plays a part. Chlorine demand is more prevalent in the spring when pools begin to open. The reason being is that the water has remained stagnant throughout the winter. During this time, a buildup of contaminants would have likely occurred. That requires additional chlorine to create a balance.
Apart from the time of year, it is crucial to treat your pool continuously. If a pool is not constantly maintained, the water becomes stagnant. Stagnant water hoards organic matter, such as dirt, debris, and leaves, which will consume your water’s chlorine.
Finally, rainfall is another major cause of chlorine demand. Rainfall messes with your pool’s chemical balance because of the acidity of the rain, which varies depending on location. If you find yourself with low chlorine levels after a rainstorm, this is likely why.
How to Diagnose Chlorine Demand
Snuffing out the issue as soon as it occurs is critical in getting your pool back in excellent shape. Testing is the most effective method to discover if your pool suffers from chlorine demand. You’ll want to begin by adding chlorine to your pool. After the newly added chlorine is given time to circulate, grab your testing kit.
Test your water’s chlorine level. If you indeed have a case of chlorine demand, you will get a low reading or sometimes no reading at all.
You likely won’t see the effects on the surface of the pool water itself. So, if it’s been a while since you last tested your pool water and you get a low chlorine level read, you’ll need to play a little detective. Green or pink slimy residue is known to grow around the inside lines of your pool. You can also find this substance in skimmers and light fixtures. Keep an eye out for these critical places and, of course, frequently check chlorine levels.
How to Fix Chlorine Demand
The treatment for chlorine demand is quite simple; there are a couple of treatment methods.
Shocking your pool is the most common method. For pool newcomers, shocking a pool is the process of adding a lot of chlorine to your water at once to “shock the system.” This specific form of chlorine is high in calcium hypochlorite. That ingredient ensures immediate results and differs from traditional chlorine.
When performing a shock treatment, it is essential to calculate the correct quantity of pool shock. You’ll want to follow the rule of 3 pounds of shock for every 10,000 gallons of water. Yes, unfortunately, some math is required. To correctly calculate quantities, you’ll have to know the water capacity of your pool; feel free to use my volume calculator if you don’t know the number of gallons of water in your pool. This shock treatment should do the trick.
I highly recommend treating your pool at night. The sun is going to limit the effectiveness of chlorine.
Another method, although less effective, entails draining your pool and adding fresh water. If you add new water and chlorine demand still occurs over time, outside factors undoubtedly contribute to the high bacteria level in your water. That is when preventative measures come into play.
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Protecting Your Pool Against Chlorine Demand
Proper pool maintenance is the obvious solution. As we discovered, the issue is caused by contaminants disrupting your pool chemistry. If the chemical balance is maintained, we can avoid the issue. Make sure you have a rigorous maintenance schedule to add chlorine regularly and test your pool water often.
Sometimes, a proper schedule isn’t enough to combat chlorine demand. If your pool is highly susceptible to leaves and dirt, adding a pool cover to place over the water when it’s not in use is a fantastic idea. Most bacteria are transferred to your water via these outside influences, such as leaves. A cover should catch these unwanted intruders.
For several pool owners, climate prohibits them from having pools open during all four seasons. When a pool is closed, it is susceptible to bacteria buildup due to its stagnant nature. In cold climates, where pools must close during the winter, it is crucial to execute this task with the utmost care. Covering your pool is a great idea. In addition, you can put a Winterpill to great use.
The Winterpill capsule is filled with chemicals that keep your water healthy throughout the winter. It offers some protection against bacteria and stabilizes the water without requiring constant maintenance.
Thankfully, chlorine demand is an issue that can be solved by taking the proper steps and preventative methods. A shock treatment works exceptionally well. You’ll begin to register proper chlorine levels in no time. Remember, if someone tells you that your pool has something called chlorine lock, know they likely mean chlorine demand.
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